TICAD stands for “Tokyo International Conference on African Development”. It was launched in 1993 to promote high-level policy dialogue between African leaders and development partners.
TICAD has since evolved into a major global framework to facilitate the implementation of initiatives for promoting African development under the dual principle;
2- International “partnership”
(A central feature of this framework is the cooperation between Asia and Africa)
TICAD enjoys the joint support of co-organizers, namely the Government of Japan, the United Nations Office of the Special Advisor on Africa (UN-OSAA), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank. Its stakeholders include all African countries and development partners including Asian countries, donor nations, international agencies, civil
society organizations, private sectors and parliaments.
TICAD has been hold every 5 years. TICAD V, or the 5th TICAD will take place in Yokohama, Japan, on 1-3 June, 2013.
Beforehand, TICAD V Preparatory Senior Officials’ Meeting (SOM) took a place in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso on 15-17 November, 2012.
In the 16th session of “Dialogue between Co-organizers and Civil Society,” Ms. Maungo Mooki, the vice president of Civic Commission of Africa (CCfA), delivered a speech of the political proposal which was made by the CCfA and Japanese TICAD V NGO Contact Group.
In order to enhance discussion, there will be the other TICAD V Preparatory Ministerial Meeting (MM) in Addis Abeba, the capital of Ethiopia in March, 2013.
1. "Inclusive growth"
Economic growth by private sectors has been emphasized as seen in the TICAD V's theme "inclusive growth" and the first of the three thematic pillars which the Japanese government determine. Nevertheless, what kind of development policies would be suitable to achieve in making the economical growth benefit the economically poor and socially vernable persons.
Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) is approaching its deadline of the end of 2015. Accordingly the UN High-Level Panel on Post 2015 Development is planned to be held in September 2013 in order to discuss approaches for achiving MDGs and the agendas for Post-MDGs.
The challenges are closely related to economic and social development. Africa is full of biodiversity which is important for climate stability, but countermeasures to the change are not enough. Japan, one of the world's largest countries of greenhouse gas emittion, is required to carry out mitigation methods as international cooperation to reduce CO2. However, currently it has not practiced a specific policy, which is also reflected on that the theme "Environment and Climate Change" has become a cross-cutting area, not being one of the three main pillars. How should it be debated in TICAD V?